Brown Hyena

Brown Hyena Average weight of male 42kg(92lbs) and the female 40kg(88lbs). Shoulder height averages at about 75cm(30in). They have a life expectancy of between 8 and 10 years.

Identification
It has a long shaggy, dark brown to black coat except around the neck where it is white in colour. The underparts are light in colour and the lower legs, covered in striped socks. The fore quarters are well developed and slope down into fairly weak hind quarters.

Difference between the male and the female
There is little difference between the male and the female with the males slightly larger and heavier than the female.

Habits
The Brown Hyena’s habitat ranges from desert areas to open woodland savannah. The largest populations are found in the Southern Kalahari and the Western Coastal areas of Namibia. They live in small groups called ‘clans’ which will consist out of a female with her cubs to several individuals of both gender. Mainly nocturnal but will occasionally scavenge during day time. Brown Hyena mainly feed on a wide variety of carrion but will supplement their diet with fruit, insects and bird eggs. On the Western Coast of Namibia they feed primarily on dead seal pups but will also kill some when the opportunity arise. Will cover large distances to look for food ,with the maximum recorded distance travelled by an individual being over 50km. Carrion can be detected over long distances due to their acute sense of smelling. Their strong jaws allow them to break open the long bones of fairly big animals to feed on the marrow. Communicating between members of the group involves defecating in latrinesand by depositing anal gland secretions on the stalks of grass.

Breeding
1 -4 Cubs get born after a gestation period of 90 days. The cubs are suckled for about 12 – 15 months but are able to digest solid food after 4 months. The females give birth and raise their cubs in dens.

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