WARTHOG

Warthog Average weight of the male is about 80kgs (176lbs) and the female 65kgs (143lbs). Shoulder height averages at about 70cm (28inches) and they have a life expectancy of about 16years.

Identification: Warthogs are members of the same family as domestic pigs, but present a more athletic appearance. Their snouts are broader and long canine tusks curl over the snout. They are mostly bald with sparse hair covering the body and a mane of thicker and longer hair on their backs.

Difference between male and female: The male has two sets of facial warts, is larger and has longer tusks.

Habits: Warthogs are widely distributed and prefer areas with short grass and waterholes. Can’t resist recently burned areas with new grass sprouts. Warthogs have the peculiar habit of kneeling on the front knees while foraging. Mostly lives in family groups, nursing groups and temporary male groups, while solitary males are not uncommon. They shelter in burrows at night which they enter tail first and defending the entrance against predators. Warthogs never dig their own burrows but will renovate aardvark holes to suite them. Drink water when available but can go without water for long periods; likes to wallow in the mud.

Breeding: One to eight offspring are born after a gestation period of about 5 months.

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