BLACK WILDEBEEST: ( white-tailed gnu)
Average weight of male 160 kg (352 lbs.) and female 120 kg (264 lbs.)
Average shoulder height 115 cm (46 in). Average life expectancy is about 18 years.
IDENTIFICATION: Black Wildebeest has a dark brown/black coat with a bushy main that sticks up from the back of the neck. It has long black hair on the nose under the jaw and between the front legs. A long white, almost horse like tail adds to its character.
The horns are broad and close together at the base, sweep forward in a curve and rise to sharp tips.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MALE AND FEMALE: The male is slightly larger than the female with longer horns and heavier bases.
HABITS: Their typical habitat is open grassy plains, flat rolling hills and mountainous areas. They are dependent on water. Black wildebeest forms female herds, bachelor groups and solitary males. Family groups consist out of a dominant male and females with their offspring.
During the mating season, the male loses condition as he spent little time grazing. They are most active in the early mornings and late afternoons with resting periods during the heat of the day. Due to their unpredictable and entertaining movements, they are also called ‘the clowns’ of the animal kingdom.
BREEDING: After a gestation period of 8 and a half months, a single calf (occasionally two) is born within a short time frame between November and December. The offspring lactates for about 6 to 8 months and stays with its mother until the birth of the next calf.