Spotted Hyena

Spotted Hyena Average weight of the male 50kg(110lbs) and the female 56kg(123lbs). Shoulder height averages at about 80cm(32in) and they have a life expectancy of about 10 years.

Identification
The spotted hyena has strong developed forequarters and fairly under developed hind quarters. The colour of the coat can varies from greyish-brown to a yellowish-brown with an irregular pattern of deep brown to almost black spots on the body. This pattern is less distinctive on the legs. It has a short to medium length mane of reddish – brown colour.

Difference between the male and female
The female is larger and heavier than the female

Habits
They are social animals that live in groups called ‘clans’. These clans may consist out of up to 70 individuals. Females dominate the clan with even the lowest rank female dominating the highest rank male. They defend their home ranges through vocalizing, scent marking and boundary patrols. They are mainly predators and not scavengers with a diet that consist mainly out of meat, although reports of hyena catching fish, were documented. Spotted hyena will track down live prey by sight, smell and hearing. They have learned to watch vultures descending upon carcasses and detect sounds of other predators killing prey. Carrion can be detected by smell over a distance of up to 8 km. Social life revolves around a communal den that can be used for several years. Spotted hyena seldom dig their own dens, but will renovate abandoned burrows of warthog, springhare, jackal and aardvark.

Breeding
A litter of 2-3 cubs is born after a gestation period of 110 days. Cubs will nurse from their mother for 12 – 16 months but are able to congest solid food after about 4 months.

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