Average weight of males 6000kg (13200lbs) and the females 4500kgs (9900lbs). Shoulder height averages at about 3.5m (138in). They have a life expectancy of about 65years.
Identification: It is a very large animal with long, thick legs and large floppy ears. Elephants have several distinctive features of which a long trunk is the most noticeable. In addition to their trunks they have long tusks. They have very little hair with only the tuff on the tip of the tail worth mentioning. Their skin varies from light grey-brown to dark grey in colour.
Difference between male and female: The bull is normally bigger than the cow and have larger and heavier tusks.
Habits: Elephants are herbivores and can be found in different habitats including savannahs, forests, deserts and swamps. Shade, water and enough grass and branches are essential as food. They also enjoy leaves, bark, reeds and fruit. The elephant usesit’s ears to help control the temperature of its body by flapping them. Bulls form temporary male herds or live alone and will only interact with the cows during mating. Females spend their entire lives in family groups that are led by an old female, called the matriarch. She remains the leader of the group until her death or until she has not got the strength to fullfilher role anymore. Feeding takes place in the morning, afternoon and during the night. They will rest and sometimes doze in the shade during warm days but sleep at night while lying down.
Breeding: A single, rarely two calves are born at any time during the year after a gestation period of about 24months. For the first three months the calf entirely relies on milk from the mother after which it begins to forage for vegetation.